Wolfgang Schön and Jonathan Schindler (eds.)
In this volume, leading representatives of the tax courts, private business and adivsory firms present their proposals for reforming individual areas of German tax law.
Published: MPI Studies in Tax Law and Public Finance, 9/2020, Heidelberg, SpringerMore information
Stefano Barbieri, Kai A. Konrad
The growing thicket of regulatory rules in professional and private life is a well-known phenomenon in modern societies. Whereas specific rules and regulations may seem sensible, an excess of too strict and too deep regulations often creates problems, to the detriment of sensibility. Quite apart from issues of free personal development, this excess can curb the ability to innovate and inhibit the dynamics of growth, and thus undermine the foundations for societal welfare.
Published: Oxford University Law Blog, 17/12/2020More information
When influencers post clips and snapshots from their lives on TikTok or Instagram, they are often marketing not only themselves, but also a product suitable for the occasion. As well as cash, they often receive non-cash benefits. They sell the rights to their photos or their name, some have their own merchandise. And they are often active – and liable to pay taxes – internationally. Savvas Kostikidis reveals why this can get complicated and considers the categorisation of the income earned by influencers in relation to tax treaties.
Published: Bulletin for International Taxation, 74/2020, 6, 359-376.More information
Stefano Barbieri, Kai A. Konrad, David Malueg
In conflicts that occur simultaneously within and between groups, who would, when and why put aside their own interest to stand up for the interest of the social group he or she belongs to? Recent findings from game theoretical research allow a better understanding of such situations and could help speed up the resolution of conflicts.
Published: RAND Journal of Economics, accepted for publication.More information
Die Diskussion um eine angemessene Besteuerung von Google, Apple, Facebook und Amazon ist in eine Debatte um die weltweite Neuordnung der Besteuerungsrechte zwischen den Staaten gemündet. Doch müssen die konzeptionellen Grundlagen der „neuen Weltsteuerordnung“, erarbeitet unter Federführung der OECD, gründlicher durchdacht werden. Wir sollten uns die Zeit dafür nehmen. Denn damit wird ein Systemwechsel eingeläutet, dessen strukturelle Folgen auf mittlere und lange Frist die gesamte Weltwirtschaft betreffen könnten.
Published: ifo Schnelldienst, 73/2020, No. 3, S. 26-29.More information
Mariana Lopes da Fonseca
Term-limited politicians pursue a more conservative fiscal policy than those who are eligible for reelection. This applies to right-leaning lame ducks, while left-leaning politicians do not change their behaviour when they are no longer eligible. Dr. Mariana Lopes da Fonseca resorted on a constitutional reform in Portugal which introduced mayoral term limits and studied the latter’s impact on local policy choices.
Published: Economic Journal, accepted for publication.More information
Seit der Mitte des 20. Jahrhunderts finden sich in immer mehr Rechtsordnungen Rechtsformen, die eine umfassende Haftungsbeschränkung mit einer transparenten Besteuerung verbinden, bei der die auf Unternehmensebene erzielten Gewinne unmittelbar den Inhabern des Unternehmens zugerechnet und bei diesen versteuert werden. Beispiele sind die GmbH & Co. KG in Deutschland, der so genannte trading trust in Australien sowie die S corporation in den USA. Ihre zunehmende Verbreitung ist bemerkenswert, da sich in all diesen Rechtsordnungen beschränkte Haftung und transparente Besteuerung lange Zeit gegenseitig ausschlossen.
Published: Florida Tax Review, 2018, 21, 762 - 843More information
Tax law and scholarship do not live in isolation. They are deeply interrelated – with other areas of law, other fields of science, with politics and business, but also with the tax systems of different countries in a historical and comparative perspective. Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Wolfgang Schön explores the strength of German tax scholarship in this context and makes transparent its scholarly goals and sources, its successes and constraints.
Published: Grenzüberschreitungen der Steuerrechtswissenschaft, StuW, 2018, 3, 201-215.More information
Common markets, open borders, air traffic and the internet have made it faster and less expensive to change places – and jurisdictions. As a result, law itself has increasingly become a good that is subject to the market mechanism. Law for Sale, recently published at Oxford University Press, examines the philosophical underpinnings, problems and consequences of regulatory competition and forum shopping.
Published: Oxford University Press, 2019, 224 Seiten.More information
Dr. Marta Castelon’s book responds to the need for a comprehensive overview of the tax opportunities and risks relating to the provision of international services and offers the first in-depth analysis of the taxation of income from services vis-à-vis the multilateral instrument (MLI) resulting from the OECD’s Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) initiative.
Published: Wolters Kluwer, 2018, 501 pages.More information
If you want an honest reaction, you should put your counterpart under time pressure. Those, who have to react spontaneously, are more likely to speak the truth. Tim Lohse, Sven A. Simon and Kai A. Konrad conducted an experimental study and found that time is crucial for deceptive behaviour. Dishonest activities not only involve coping with the trade-off between the associated costs and benefits. It also takes time to become aware of the cheating opportunity. And the latest is the decisive factor: Whereas reflection time increases the chance to become aware of the misreporting opportunity and thus increases deceptive behaviour, the study finds that any time beyond the awareness moment has no effect on the conscious decision of whether to cheat or not.
Published: Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2018, 146, 31-42.More information
Wolfgang Schön suggests that anybody who attempts to introduce a specific tax treatment for the digitalised economy should be as transparent as possible with regard to the ten major policy questions outlined in his article.
Published: Bulletin for International Taxation, 2018, Vol. 72, No. 4/5, 278–292More information
Andreas M. Fleckner and Corinna Coupette
Quantitative methods rank among the standard techniques of many researchers – not only in the natural sciences but also in the social sciences and the humanities. Little is known, however, about the value of quantitative methods for legal scholarship. Therefore, a publication of the Otto Hahn Group on Financial Regulation at the Max Planck Institute for Tax Law and Public Finance is devoted to quantitative legal studies: the statistical analysis of discrete data to answer legal questions.
Published: JuristenZeitung 2018, Vol. 71, No. 8, 379–389More information
Mariana Lopes da Fonseca
Mariana Lopes da Fonseca’s study provides one of the first causal estimates of both the personal and the partisan effect that contribute to an incumbent’s advantage at the ballot box.
Published: American Journal of Political Science, 2017, Vol. 61, No. 3, 657–670.More information
Kai A. Konrad and Vai-Lam Mui
Whether in a company, an institution, a political party or even in a criminal organisation, appointing a successor (the “prince”) can be advantageous for the ruler (“the king”) but can also entail threats and disadvantages. In a recent publication Kai A. Konrad and Vai-Lam Mui analyse if and when the appointment of a prince is in the interest of the incumbent and stabilises his regime.
Published: Journal of Conflict Resolution, 2017, 61(10), 2158-2182.More information
Kai A. Konrad
Kai A. Konrad shows that ISDS may have a dark side, even under rather ideal conditions with an efficiency-oriented, transaction-cost free mechanism, and untouchable, fully reliable and unbiased judges.
Published: European Economic Review, 2017, Vol. 98, 341–353More information
Die aktuellen Entwicklungen auf Ebene der EU rücken die Austrittsklausel nach Art. EUV Artikel 50 EUV in den Mittelpunkt der Diskussion. Nach dieser Bestimmung ist zwar klar, dass jeder Mitgliedstaat freiwillig aus der EU austreten kann. Offen lässt diese primärrechtliche Klausel aber, inwieweit die Organe der EU alleine, namentlich ohne Beteiligung der verbleibenden Mitgliedstaaten, die notwendigen Austrittsverhandlungen führen und das Austrittsabkommen mit dem austrittswilligen Mitgliedstaat schließen dürfen.
Published: Europarecht, 2017, Vol. 52, No. 5, 581–659More information
In seiner Dissertation setzt sich Dr. Carsten Hohmann mit einem brandaktuellen Thema auseinander, der Vorschrift zur Beschränkung des sog. subjektbezogenen Verlusttransfers gemäß § 8c KStG. Erst kürzlich hat das Bundesverfassungsgericht entschieden, dass §8c (Abs. 1) Satz 1 KStG partiell mit dem Grundgesetz unvereinbar ist. In seiner unlängst erschienenen Arbeit vergleicht Carsten Hohmann die entsprechenden Regime in Deutschland, Österreich, der Schweiz, dem Vereinigten Königreich und den USA und entwickelt einen eigenen, alternativen Regelungsvorschlag für eine Reform in Deutschland.
Published: Duncker & Humblot, 2017, 1009 Seiten.More information
Conspicuous spending in courtship may provide important information about a potential partner’s income – but it may also dissipate future family income. In a forthcoming publication, Kai Konrad, Amihai Glazer and Anne-Kathrin Bronsert show how conspicuous consumption may be induced but also curbed when it comes to marriage matching.
Published: Journal of Population Economics, 2017, 30(1), pp. 163-186.More information
The balancing of private interests has hitherto been seen as the primary task of private law. Alexander Hellgardt shows in his post-doctoral dissertation, recently published by Mohr Siebeck, that private law is better conceived of as a tool which the legislator may use to regulate economy or society. Hellgardt illustrates the regulatory function of private law using sales law and property law as main examples. He examines regulation by means of private law in order to pursue public interest goals and presents conclusions for jurisprudence, legislation and legal practice.
Published: Mohr Siebeck, 2016, XXXIV, 848 pages.More information
Kai A. Konrad and Tim B.M. Stolper
Why would a country ever comply with international standards of transparency despite the sizeable returns in the tax haven business? In a recent publication, Kai A. Konrad and Tim Stolper highlight fundamental coordination problems in the fight against tax havens and what this implies for whether the fight will be successful or not.
Published: Journal of International Economics, 2016, 103, p. 96-107.More information
Das Max-Planck-Institut für Steuerrecht und Öffentliche Finanzen legt ein Gutachten zum Thema „Anzeigepflichten für Steuergestaltungsmodelle in Deutschland – Hinweise für eine zulässige und zugleich effiziente Regelung“ vor. Auftraggeber ist das Bundeministerium der Finanzen. PDF-Download des Gutachtens.
Eine überarbeitete Fassung des Gutachtens ist im Springer-Verlag in der Reihe MPI Studies in Tax Law and Public Finance erschienen.
Published: MPI Studies in Tax Law and Public Finance.More information
Thushyanthan Baskaran and Mariana Lopes da Fonseca
In a recent publication Thushyanthan Baskaran and Mariana Lopes da Fonseca study the effects of electoral thresholds on political representation, relying on a reform in the German federal state of Hesse that abolished a 5% threshold for local elections. Their results show that the reform had psychological effects that eventually improved the electoral prospects of (relatively small) local parties.
Published: Public Choice, 2016, 169(1), 117–136.More information
May Elsayyad and Florian Morath
International climate agreements are extremely difficult to achieve. Uncertainty about the country-specific benefits of climate protection as well as the fact that the efforts are contributions to a public good and provide the possibility for non-contributors to free-ride, strengthen the incentives to wait and postpone own mitigation efforts. At the same time, the irreversibility of the damages makes early contributions desirable. A recent article by May Elsayyad and Florian Morath explains why technology sharing may be a way out of the dilemma.
Published: International Economic Review, 2016, 57(3), pp. 1057-1084.More information
Caroline Heber and Christian Sternberg
Based on the fragility of the European financial markets highlighted by the last financial crisis, the European Union is pushing for reforms of the existing regulatory framework and has also proposed a financial transaction tax. The article by Caroline Heber and Christian Sternberg analyses the interplay between the financial market regulation and the proposed financial transaction tax.
Published: World Tax Journal, 2016, Volume 8, No 1, 3-35.More information
The way in which capital is taxed influences business financing decisions. Whether a company funds a new project out of retained profits or whether it raises external equity or debt capital, is in turn relevant for its economic performance. In his article, Röder first observes that Germany does not have a coherent tax policy in place when it comes to the taxation of income from capital. He examines different options for reforming the taxation of income from capital and arrives at the conclusion that a dual income tax would be the best way to reduce distortions without causing major disruptions to the tax system.
Published: Sieker, S. (ed.), Steuerrecht und Wirtschaftspolitik (DStJG Volume 39). Köln, 2016, pp. 307-360.More information
In this publication, Gerritsen shows how the income tax system could be adjusted to take into account suboptimal labor-supply decisions. To help correct individuals’ behavior, marginal taxes should be higher (lower) for individuals who work suboptimally much (little). Gerritsen analyzes British survey data on people’s subjective life satisfaction and finds that low-income individuals tend to work ‘too few’ hours while high-income individuals work ‘too many’ hours. This provides a motive for lower marginal tax rates at the bottom and higher marginal tax rates at the top of the U.K. income distribution.
Published: Journal of Public Economics, 2016, 144, pp. 122-139.More information
The new, fifth volume of the Institute’s book series “MPI Studies in Tax Law and Public Finance” brings together the findings of the Institute’s lecture series on the Fundamentals of European Tax Law. Each chapter of the book is dedicated to current developments of European Union Law and their impact on the tax law system of every single member state.
Published: MPI Studies in Tax Law and Public Finance, 2015, Volume 5, 164 pagesMore information
Why would anyone refrain from joining an alliance in an upcoming conflict? Because “the strong man is the strongest when alone,” as William Tell in Friedrich Schiller’s eponymous book puts it. Is that true and who wants to form an alliance nonetheless, and why? In a recently published paper, economists from the Institute used an experimental approach to study alliance formation in contests or in conflict more generally.
Published: Endogenous Group Formation in Experimental Contests, European Economic Review, 2015, 74, pp. 163–189More information
The question of whether or not the German general partnership may constitute a legal entity was for several decades the subject of an intense scholarly debate. In a landmark decision of 2001, the Federal Court of Justice settled the matter by ruling in favor of the entity status of the general partnership. Erik Röder argues that, as a result, it has become even more obvious that the uniform statutory framework of the general partnerships cannot properly accommodate the many different types of general partnerships that occur in practice.
Published: Archiv für die civilistische Praxis (AcP), Volume 215, No. 3/4, pp. 450-532 (83).More information
Cities that gained railroad access in the early phase of railroad-network expansion in Prussia subsequently grew an additional 1.7 percentage points faster per year than their unconnected neighbours. This is the result of an empirical study by Erik Hornung.
Published: Journal of the European Economic Association, 2015, 13(4), pp. 699–736.More information
A recently published paper by Qiang Fu, Changxia Ke and Fangfang Tan offers first empirical evidence of the impact of progress feedback on player’s motivation, comparing team and individual tournaments, and contributing to new insights on team incentives.
Published: Games and Economic Behavoir, 2015, 94, p. 57-76More information
Caroline Heber and Christian Sternberg
„Legal Interpretation of Tax Law“ is the first book to deal comparatively with tax law interpretation in economies engaged in cross-border investment at a global level. In chapter 6 Caroline Heber and Christian Sternberg elaborate how tax law is interpreted and applied in Germany.
Published: Heber, C. / Sternberg, C.: Chapter 6: Germany. In: van Brederode, Robert F., Krever / Rick (eds.): Legal Interpretation of Tax Law. Alphen aan den Rijn, Kluwer Law International, 2014, pp. 163-189.More information
Caroline Heber and Christian Sternberg
In this prize-winning article the authors analyse the two main mechanisms for the financial market regulation, the European Market Infrastructure Regulation (EMIR) and the financial transaction tax (FTT) and examine whether they are coordinated with each other in an efficient way.
Published: Derivatives & Financial Instruments, 2014, 16(3), pp. 107-116.More information
Corporate exit taxation is an important obstacle to the deepening of economic integration within the internal market and beyond, as it distorts cross-border business activities of multinational enterprises and hinders cross-border business reorganisations. In a recent article in BTR Erik Röder argues that the problems related to corporate exit taxation can only be addressed in a satisfactory way through co-ordination.
Published: British Tax Review (BTR), 2014, No. 5, pp. 574-604.More information
Economic arguments play a central role in immigration debates. However, some consequences of migration for the host country are not well studied. In order to assess the benefits from immigration, it is important to study the long-term effect of immigrants on technological progress in the receiving country. In a recent article published in the American Economic Review Erik Hornung analyzes the long-term effects of skilled worker immigration on productivity for the Huguenot migration to Prussia.
Published: American Economic Review, 2014, 104(1), pp. 84-122.More information
Schön, Wolfgang / et.al.
The demarcation between debt and equity is a long-standing core constituent of company and taxation law the world over. However, its sustainability for national and international taxation regimes is increasingly the subject of doubt. Domestic and international proposals for reform are directed towards either rendering the classification of financial instruments as equity or debt legally superfluous or robbing it of economic meaning.
Published: British Tax Review (BTR), 2014, No. 2, pp. 146-217.More information
Wolfgang Schön et. al.
This special issue on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting of the Bulletin for International Taxation consists of papers first presented at the interdisciplinary conference entitled „Base Erosion and Profit Shifting: A Roadmap for Reform”, which took place in January 2014 at the Max Planck Institute for Tax Law and Public Finance in Munich.
Published: Bulletin for International Taxation, 2014, Volume 68, No. 6/7.More information
Kai A. Konrad / Ronnie Schöb / Marcel Thum / Alfons Weichenrieder (Hrsg.)
Finanzmarktkrise, Staatsverschuldung, Inflationsrisiko, Demografie. Die Liste der für den Sozialstaat bedrohlichen Szenarien ist lang und lässt sich mühelos fortsetzen. Sie wirft die Frage auf, ob die Wohlfahrtsgesellschaft unter diesen Bedingungen noch eine Chance hat.
Published: Campus Verlag, 2013, 250 pages.More information
Schön, Wolfgang / Richelle, I. / Traversa, E. (eds..)
The jurisprudence of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) has a significant impact on the tax systems of EU Member States. Although direct taxation falls within their competence, Member States are bound by the fundamental freedoms when it comes to cross-border situations. In “Allocating Taxing Powers within the European Union”, renowned experts in international tax law deal with the problems and tensions that arise when European law meets national tax sovereignty.
Published: MPI Studies in Tax Law and Public Finance.More information
Schön, Wolfgang (ed.)
Im Steuerrecht hat die Unterscheidung zwischen Eigen- und Fremdkapital eine lange Tradition. Eigenkapital- und Fremdkapitalfinanzierungen werden steuerlich ungleich behandelt. Allerdings greifen Unternehmen zunehmend auf so genannte hybride und mezzanine Finanzierungformen zurück. Der steuerrechtlichen Dichotomie steht auf zivilrechtlicher Seite ein Kontinuum von Finanzierungsinstrumenten gegenüber.
Published: Press Springer, 2013, 890 pages.More information
Elliott, Steven /Häcker,B. / Mitchell, C. (eds.)
Since the decision of the House of Lords in Woolwich Equitable Building Society v Inland Revenue Commissioners  AC 70, the law governing claims for restitution of overpaid tax has experienced rapid and profound evolution.
Published: Hart Publishing, 2013, 366 pages.More information
Many public goods are provided by the effort of a single individual; examples include intervening in a fight, household chores, and mythical dragon-slaying. Such situations are often best described by a war of attrition: One volunteer is needed for a certain task, and everyone prefers someone else to volunteer first and bear the cost of provision of the public good. Typically, there is a disutility or waiting cost attached to the time until a volunteer is found.
Published: Social Choice and Welfare, 2013, 41(1), pp. 99-131.More information
Taxation of multinational corporate groups is a complex undertaking that has become a major concern in the academic and political debate on the future of international taxation. At the centre of current debates lies the determination of transfer prices between related companies.
Published: MPI Studies in Tax Law and Public Finance.More information
We study the role of information exchange through alliances in a framework with contestants who have binding budget limits and know their own budget limit but are incompletely informed about other contestants’ budget limits.
Published: Public Choice, 2012, 151(3-4), pp. 679-693.More information
Konrad, Kai A. / Geys, Benny / Qari, Salmai
Patriotic citizens intrinsically prefer living in their native country compared to living in the Diaspora. In this paper, we analyze the consequences of such a "patriotic lock-in" in a world with international migration and redistributive taxation
Published: Public Choice, 2012, 151(3-4), pp. 695-717.More information
Der Bereich der Kapitalmarkthaftung entwickelt sich derzeit rasant – sowohl auf europäischer als auch auf nationaler Ebene. Alexander Hellgardt analysiert in drei gerade erschienenen Aufsätzen das aktuelle Geschehen und macht Vorschläge zur Fortentwicklung der Haftung.
Published: Die Aktiengesellschaft / Der Betrieb / Zeitschrift für Bankrecht und Bankwirtschaft / Max Planck Encyclopedia of European Private Law.More information
Elsayyad, May / Konrad, Kai A.
This paper develops a competition theory framework that evaluates an important aspect of the OECD's Harmful Tax Practices Initiative against tax havens.
Published: Journal of International Economics, 2012, 86(2) pp. 295-305, doi: 10.1016/j.jinteco.2011.09.002More information
Kai A. Konrad / Stergios Skaperdas
This paper examines a stark setting in which security or protection can be provided by self-governing groups or by for-profit entrepreneurs (kings, kleptocrats, or mafia dons). Though self-governance is best for the population, it faces problems of long-term viability.
Published: Economic Theory, 2012, 50(2), pp. 417-443.More information
Dwenger, Nadja / Steiner, Viktor
This paper estimates the elasticity of corporate taxable income with respect to the average corporate tax rate.
Published: National Tax Journal, 2012, 65(1), pp. 117-150.More information
Der Anwendungsbereich des Gewährleistungsrechts und die Auslegung der Beschaffenheitsvereinbarung
Published: Press C.H.BeckMore information
Dwenger, Nadja / Storck, Johanna / Wrohlich, Katharina
Several German states recently introduced tuition fees for university education.
Published: Economics of Education Review, 2012, 31(1), pp. 155-167.More information
Konrad, Kai A. / Qari, Salmai
We study the effects of patriotism on tax compliance. In particular, we assume that individuals feel a (random draw of) warm glow from honestly paying their taxes. A higher expected warm glow reduces the government's optimal audit probability and yields higher tax compliance. Second, individuals with higher warm glow are less likely to evade taxes.
Published: Economica, 2012, 79(315), pp. 516-533.More information
Konrad, Kai A. / Leininger, Wolfgang
Leadership by a "big-man" has been observed as a successful governance structure in several historical contexts with small groups. We illustrate this by way of examples and analyse this framework in the context of non-cooperative games with narrowly selfish players.
Published: Public Choice, 2011, 146(3-4), pp. 501-520.More information
Myck, Michal / Ochmann, Richard / Qari, Salmai
We employ covariance structure models to decompose the cross-sectional variance of male wages in Germany into its permanent and transitory parts.
Published: Economics Letters, 2011, 113(2), pp. 143–146.More information
This paper studies corporate tax competition if it is costly to learn some of the elements that determine the effective tax burden. Search cost may, but need not, eliminate the tax competition pressure. The outcome depends on the boundaries of tax rate and tax base choices. Search cost can explain the empirically observed tax cuts cum base broadening.
Published: Economics Letters, 2011, 112(2), pp. 213-215.More information
Michael P. Devereux, Alan J. Auerbach, Michael Keen, Paul Oosterhuis, Wolfgang Schön, and John Vella
Written by a group of leading tax specialists across law and economics, "Taxing Profit in a Global Economy" addresses fundamental issues of principle and practice in the taxation of business profit and the allocation of taxing rights over such profit among countries.
Published: Oxford, 2021, Oxford University Press, 370 pagesMore information
Dies ist der deutschsprachige Autor
Dies ist die englischsprachige Testpublikation
Published: Test test TesMore information
Recent times have seen growing calls for considerations of justice to be given a greater role in international tax law. The main driver of these calls are distributive concerns, although agreement is still missing as to what this means in terms of both principle and practice. This article asks whether it is the task of international tax law to implement principles of distributive justice beyond the national context and gives an overview of how the ‘global justice debate’ in contemporary moral and political philosophy bears on this question.
Published: Working Paper of the Max Planck Institute for Tax Law and Public Finance No. 2021-02More information